Antiche varietà di mela piacentina
(Piacenza's old varieties of Apple)


Brief description of the product. Apple varieties: verdone, calera o carraia o della carrara, fior d’acacia, pum salam o mela salame, rugginosa.
Area of production. The entire province of Piacenza with a greater expansion in municipalities of Piacenza, S. Pietro in Cerro, Villanova, Carpaneto, Castell’Arquato, Lugagnano, Monticelli, Gropparello, Gossolengo, Vernasca, Agazzano, Piozzano, Castelvetro, Besenzone, Bobbio e Ottone.
How to obtain. Rootstock: ungrafted and M111. Planting density and training system: the mothers of all these cultivars are grown (eg vase) with planting density of about 6 x 6, 6x 8 m. New plants are grown in flat (palm) with spacing of 5 * 3 m. Cultivation techniques are performed according to local traditions.
A bit of history. Annals of Agriculture of the Kingdom of Italy containing facts, observations and memories over all parts of the economy setting the Cavalier Filippo Re in 1813, dealing with agriculture in the district of Piacenza, reports the name of several varieties of apple, some of which are still grown in the province of Piacenza. The Institute of Arboreal Cultivation of the Faculty of Agriculture of the Catholic University of Piacenza has conducted detailed investigations since the '60s on the characteristics of local varieties of apple (M. Fregoni 1962 - Ughini V., Valli and R. Roversi A. 1980 ). Province in the apple tree has ancient traditions demonstrated by identification and characterization of five cultivars of Piacenza documented, and other varieties mentioned in recent publications.


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